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Adakah Foto Jesse James dengan Killer Real?

Adakah Foto Jesse James dengan Killer Real?


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Jesse James telah melalui tembakan dan dua letupan senjata ke dada, tetapi akhirnya dia tidak dapat bertahan sedikit dari rumah tangga. Ketika penjahat liar Wild West meluruskan dan membersihkan gambar yang tergantung di dinding ruang tamu rumah sewanya di St. Joseph, Missouri, pada 3 April 1882, Robert Ford berdiri di belakangnya dan menarik revolvernya. Anggota baru James Gang yang telah merompak bank, kereta api dan kereta api di Missouri dan negeri-negeri sekitarnya, Ford menarik pencetus dan menembak James di belakang kepalanya.

Kini, lebih dari 130 tahun setelah Ford mengkhianati rakan gengnya dengan wang ganjaran dan pengampunan gubernur, sebuah gambar badan penuh yang dimaksudkan untuk menunjukkan James duduk berdampingan dengan pembunuhnya yang akhirnya disahkan oleh seorang artis forensik terkenal. Foto warna yang tidak bertarikh itu dilaporkan pernah menjadi milik John dan Pauline Higgins, pasangan yang memelihara anggota James Gang di rumah pertanian Cedar County, Missouri mereka pada tahun 1870-an. Foto itu diserahkan kepada lima generasi keluarga sehingga menjadi milik Sandra Mills, 40 tahun, yang tinggal di luar bandar Washington.

Dalam temu bual dengan Houston Chronicle, Mills mengatakan neneknya, Isabelle Klemann, menceritakan kisahnya mengenai hubungan nenek moyang mereka dengan James Gang dan menyimpan warna yang dibalut dengan sapu tangan di laci pakaiannya. "Ini adalah Jesse James dan Robert Ford yang pengecut," kata Klemann kepada Mills mengenai foto itu, yang dia wariskan kepada cucunya tiga tahun sebelum kematiannya pada tahun 2006.

Menurut Mills, Klemann berharap agar cucunya dapat menjual pusaka keluarga dan membeli tanah dengan pendapatannya. Namun, Mills mendapati pengumpul ragu-ragu terhadap kesahihan foto itu. "Saya hanya seorang gadis ladang, jadi tidak ada yang ingin mendengarkan," katanya kepada Houston Chronicle. "Kami tidak menghormati siapa pun."

Awal tahun ini, Mills beralih kepada Lois Gibson, salah seorang artis forensik terkemuka negara dan penganalisis Jabatan Polis Houston, untuk meminta pertolongan. Sepanjang 33 tahun kerjayanya, Gibson telah menangani lebih dari 4.500 kes, dan lakarannya berdasarkan keterangan saksi telah menghasilkan pengenalan lebih dari 1.200 individu. Artis forensik yang diperakui juga telah menggali dunia sejarah dengan mengenal pasti pelaut yang mencium seorang jururawat di Times Square dalam sebuah gambar ikonik pada akhir Perang Dunia II dan juga mengesahkan gambar langka dari seorang penjahat terkenal lain - Billy the Kid.

Mills mengirimkan imbasan jenis warna kepada Gibson, yang menghabiskan seminggu menganalisis butiran minit kedua lelaki yang digambarkan dan membandingkannya dengan gambar yang disahkan oleh James dan Ford. Ketika artis forensik memindahkan empat gambar James di atas lelaki itu dengan warna, dia mendapati bahawa semua ciri wajah - dari garis rambut hingga bentuk lubang hidung hingga jarak antara hidung dan bibir atas — sangat sesuai. Gibson bahkan menyatakan bahawa gambar-gambar James menunjukkan bahawa mata kirinya lebih besar dan alis kirinya lebih panjang daripada yang ada di sebelah kanannya, dan lelaki dalam warna itu menunjukkan sedikit anomali yang sama. "Semua ciri hampir sempurna," tulis Gibson di laman Facebooknya. "Hidung, mata, bibir, dahi dan dagu adalah ukuran, bentuk dan kedudukan yang sama berbanding dengan ciri lain."

Gibson juga melihat hubungan antara warna dan gambar tubuh penuh lain James yang duduk di kerusi yang melebihi gaya baju dan seluar yang serupa. "Foto-foto ini menunjukkan posisi tangan, lengan dan kaki yang sangat serupa," tulisnya, sambil memperhatikan bahawa subjek fotografi pada tahun 1870-an dan 1880-an perlu berpose selama satu minit penuh. "Kedudukan badan semula jadi ini harus selesa seperti yang akan diulang Jesse James sekiranya dia perlu bertahan lama lagi."

Yang menentukan untuk Gibson adalah kemiripan antara lelaki yang duduk di sebelah kiri dalam foto dengan pengkhianat penjahat. "Meningkatkan dakwaan bahawa jenis warna ini benar-benar Jesse James adalah hakikat bahawa lelaki yang duduk di sebelahnya kelihatan sangat hebat seperti rakan jenayah yang terkenal, Robert Ford," tulisnya.

Gibson memberitahu Houston Chronicle bahawa projek itu adalah pengenalan paling menarik yang pernah dilakukannya. "Ini dia, sangat besar, seperti mencari tulang kaki T-Rex," katanya.

Akan tetapi, lebih dari sekadar pernyataan Gibson, untuk meyakinkan para pengumpul bahawa jenis ini adalah perjanjian sebenar, dan sejumlah besar wang dapat dipertaruhkan. Satu-satunya gambar Billy the Kid yang disahkan terjual dengan harga $ 2,3 juta pada lelongan 2011, dan Bobby Livingston, naib presiden eksekutif RR Auction, memberitahu Houston Chronicle bahawa tintype dapat memperoleh harga yang sama jika disahkan. "Ini menarik," katanya mengenai penemuan Gibson, "tetapi saya ingin melihat lebih banyak analisis."

Artis forensik, bagaimanapun, tidak ragu-ragu mengenai identiti lelaki itu dalam warna. "Saya tahu wajah di dalam dan di luar, dan saya bekerja dengan teliti dalam hal ini," kata Gibson kepada Houston Chronicle. "Saya positif itu Jesse James."

Keluarga James Bercakap

Eric James adalah ahli keluarga James yang bersama-sama dengan salah satu cucu lelaki penjahat itu mengasaskan James Preservation Trust pada tahun 2002. Misi mereka adalah untuk mengarkibkan dan menangani isu-isu kebenaran mengenai sejarah keluarga dan mereka adalah antara Sejarawan Jesse James yang tidak bersetuju dengan kesahihan foto ini. Dia mengatakan bahawa tintype hanya lain dalam tipuan yang berkaitan dengan ketua geng.

James memberitahu SEJARAH kepercayaan menerima representasi gambar dua hingga empat kali sebulan. Dalam catatan panjang di Stray Leaves, laman web rasmi keluarga Frank dan Jesse James, dia mengatakan bahawa Mills menghampirinya pada bulan Mac 2013 tentang jenis warna yang dilaporkan mengandungi gambar Ford dan James, yang dia anggap "terang-terangan palsu. Saya memberitahunya bahawa tidak mungkin ini mewakili kedua-dua lelaki, ”kata James.

Dalam mempertikaikan penemuan Gibson, James mencatat warna yang diterbitkannya terbalik dari gambar yang ditunjukkan kepadanya. "Itu adalah no-no utama dalam pengesahan saintifik," katanya. "Anda tidak mengganggu gambar." James juga mengatakan bahawa beberapa gambar yang digunakan Gibson sebagai dasar perbandingan sama sekali tidak asli, termasuk gambar di mana lelaki itu dikemukakan sebagai Jesse James "memaparkan satu set digit yang tidak terluka" tidak seperti penjahat, yang memiliki hujung jari yang hilang jari telunjuk. "Dia hanya membandingkan satu foto palsu dengan yang lain," katanya.


Jesse James

Jesse Woodson James (5 September 1847 - 3 April 1882) adalah seorang perompak haram, bank dan kereta api Amerika, gerila, dan pemimpin Gang-Younger. Dibesarkan di daerah "Little Dixie" di barat Missouri, James dan keluarganya tetap bersimpati dengan kuat. Dia dan saudaranya Frank James bergabung dengan gerilyawan pro-Gabungan yang dikenali sebagai "pemburu busuk" yang beroperasi di Missouri dan Kansas semasa Perang Saudara Amerika. Sebagai pengikut William Quantrill dan "Bloody Bill" Anderson, mereka dituduh melakukan kekejaman terhadap tentera Union dan penghapuskan awam, termasuk Pembantaian Centralia pada tahun 1864.

Selepas perang, sebagai anggota pelbagai kumpulan penjahat, Jesse dan Frank merompak bank, kereta api, dan kereta api di seluruh Midwest, mendapat kemasyhuran nasional dan simpati yang sering digemari walaupun kekejaman kejahatan mereka. Saudara James paling aktif sebagai anggota kumpulan mereka sendiri dari sekitar tahun 1866 hingga 1876, ketika hasil percubaan mereka merompak sebuah bank di Northfield, Minnesota, beberapa anggota kumpulan itu ditangkap atau dibunuh. Mereka terus melakukan kejahatan selama beberapa tahun setelah itu, merekrut anggota baru, tetapi mendapat tekanan yang semakin meningkat dari pihak penegak hukum yang ingin membawa mereka ke muka pengadilan. Pada 3 April 1882, Jesse James ditembak dan dibunuh oleh Robert Ford, pegawai baru untuk geng yang berharap dapat mengumpulkan hadiah di kepala James dan amnesti yang dijanjikan atas kejahatannya sebelumnya. Sudah menjadi selebriti dalam hidup, James menjadi tokoh legenda Wild West setelah kematiannya.

Walaupun penggambaran popular James sebagai perwujudan Robin Hood, merompak dari orang kaya dan memberi kepada orang miskin, tidak ada bukti bahawa dia dan gengnya berkongsi barang rampasan dari perampokan mereka dengan sesiapa sahaja di luar rangkaian kekeluargaan mereka. [1] Para sarjana dan sejarawan telah mencirikan James sebagai salah satu dari banyak penjahat yang diilhami oleh pemberontakan serantau bekas Konfederasi setelah Perang Saudara, dan bukan sebagai manifestasi keadilan ekonomi yang diduga atau pelanggaran undang-undang perbatasan. [2] James terus menjadi salah satu tokoh paling terkenal dari zaman itu, dan hidupnya telah banyak kali dilakonkan dan diingati.


Lebih Banyak Dari Warisan Aneh

Tetapi Gibson melihat persamaan utama antara jenis warna Mills & # xE2 & # x80 & # x99 dengan gambar lain James. Dia memberi tumpuan kepada James & # xE2 & # x80 & # x99 philtrum - alur menegak antara hidung dan bibir atas.

& # xE2 & # x80 & # x9CI perasan mereka menyok dengan cara tertentu, & # xE2 & # x80 & # x9D kata Gibson. & # xE2 & # x80 & # x9CKemudian bahagian atas bibir itu sendiri. Bentuknya seperti puncak bumbung runcing. Itu & # xE2 & # x80 & # x99 sama seperti semua gambar James yang diketahui. & # XE2 & # x80 & # x9D

Dengan menggunakan program komputer, dia kemudian meletakkan tembakan terakhir James - mati di keranda - di atas Mills & # xE2 & # x80 & # x99 tintype. Bingo.

& # xE2 & # x80 & # x9CI & # xE2 & # x80 & # x99 akan bersedia memberi keterangan di mahkamah, & # xE2 & # x80 & # x9D kata Gibson. & # xE2 & # x80 & # x9CSelamat ini adalah Jesse James. & # xE2 & # x80 & # x9D

Dia juga menyimpulkan tokoh lain dalam warna itu memang Robert Ford.

Walau bagaimanapun, para skeptis tidak & # xE2 & # x80 & # x99 mengalah. Sekiranya ia adalah James dan Ford, Mills harus dapat menjelaskan dengan lebih meyakinkan bagaimana nenek moyangnya berakhir dengannya.

Itu & # xE2 & # x80 & # x99s ketika pengarang Freda Cruse Hardison melangkah. Buku beliau & # xA0Frank dan Jesse James: Rakan dan Keluarga& # xA0digunakan penyelidikan salasilah untuk menceritakan kisah kumpulan yang bertanggungjawab untuk lebih daripada 20 rompakan dan sekurang-kurangnya 17 pembunuhan.

& # xE2 & # x80 & # x9CNama saya yang muncul ialah Pauline Roundtree, & # xE2 & # x80 & # x9D mengatakan Hardison.

Mills tahu Roundtree adalah neneknya yang hebat dan hebat. Pangkalan data Hardison & # xE2 & # x80 & # x99s mendedahkan Roundtree juga berkaitan dengan keluarga James melalui perkahwinan sebelumnya.

Pelelong Burley meletakkan warna untuk dilelong pada Januari 2017. Ia dijual dengan harga $ 35,000.

Pembeli, seorang pengumpul Texas bernama Terry Verburgt, percaya dia mendapat curi.

& # xE2 & # x80 & # x9CI tidak & # xE2 & # x80 & # x99 fikir ia akan pernah dijual dengan harga murah lagi. & quot

Sandy Mills mengatakan bahawa dia tidak menyesal menjual warisan peliknya.

& # xE2 & # x80 & # x9Ct & # xE2 & # x80 & # x99 dijual dan kami berjaya, dan ia & # xE2 & # x80 & # x99 di luar sana sekarang. Saya mahu ia ada dalam buku sejarah. & # XE2 & # x80 & # x9C


Jacke Jesse James: Foto Outlaw yang dibeli di eBay dengan harga $ 10 bernilai $ 2 juta

Seorang pembeli eBay membeli foto yang sahih yang dianggap sebagai foto yang paling awal diketahui dari penjahat haram Jesse James pada usia muda 14 tahun. Setelah mengesahkan gambar tersebut, gambar itu kini bernilai ribuan atau bahkan berjuta-juta dolar.

Foto abad ke-19 yang misterius yang dibeli di eBay dengan harga hanya $ 10 bernilai $ 2 juta setelah para pakar mengenalinya sebagai potret yang sangat jarang berlaku dari penjahat terkenal Jesse James.

Justin Whiting, yang tinggal di Spalding, UK, membeli warna tersebut dengan harga hanya £ 7 ($ 10) pada bulan Julai 2017. Dia melihat persamaan yang ketara antara pemuda dalam gambar dan foto James dalam sebuah buku.

Digambarkan sebagai semacam "Polaroid abad ke-19," gambar warna dibuat dengan menggunakan bahan kimia pada kepingan logam tipis.

"Saya perhatikan gambar itu dijual - harganya $ 10. Ini agak kabur di laman web ini tetapi ketika saya mendapatkannya, itu jauh lebih jelas, ”katanya, menurut SWNS. "Saya berfikir pada diri sendiri: 'Wah, ini boleh menjadi foto yang nyata!' Saya telah terobsesi dengan penjahat Amerika selama bertahun-tahun dan membaca banyak buku dan mempelajari wajah mereka."

Penyenaraian eBay untuk gambar Jesse James yang jarang berlaku (© Justin Whiting / SWNS.com)

Diminta oleh rakan, Whiting menghubungi pakar forensik di A.S., yang menganalisis gambar tersebut. Pemungut, yang tidak bekerja sejak 2003 akibat masalah punggung, diberitahu bahawa gambar itu bernilai sekurang-kurangnya $ 2 juta, lapor SWNS.

Dilahirkan pada 5 September 1847 di Clay County, Mo., James mendapat reputasi sebagai perompak bank dan kereta api. Dia juga merupakan gerila Gabungan semasa Perang Saudara. Penjahat itu ditembak mati oleh Robert Ford, anggota kumpulannya, pada 3 April 1882.

Pakar fotografi abad ke-19 yang berpusat di California, Will Dunniway mengkaji gambar Whiting dan mengatakan bahawa itu adalah potret asli James yang diambil ketika penjahat berwajah bayi itu baru berusia 14 tahun.

Pengumpul Justin Whiting, yang membeli gambar Jesse James di eBay (© Justin Whiting / SWNS.com)

"Ini adalah pertandingan yang mudah kerana dibandingkan dengan gambar muda Jesse James yang sudah lama berusia 14 tahun," katanya kepada Fox News, melalui e-mel. "Namun, gambar Justin adalah pose yang sama yang diambil pada hari yang sama oleh jurugambar yang sama."

Foto Jesse James adalah "penemuan luar biasa," menurut Dunniway, yang juga telah berusaha untuk mengesahkan foto terkenal Billy the Kid. "Tidak ada yang lain seperti itu," katanya. "Satu karya asli yang kemungkinan besar dikendalikan oleh Jesse James yang remaja itu sendiri."

Foto itu juga dihantar ke pakar forensik yang berpusat di Los Angeles, Kent Gibson, yang mengesahkan bahawa gambar itu sahih. "Jesse pada 14 warna sangat mirip dengan gambar yang saya dapati di laman Yayasan James. Saya anggap diambil pada sesi yang sama, "katanya kepada Fox News, melalui e-mel.

Foto warna Jesse James (© Justin Whiting / SWNS.com)

Terdapat sangat sedikit foto asal pelanggaran yang ada, yang bermaksud bahawa mereka dapat memperoleh harga tinggi ketika mereka datang ke pasar. Potret Billy the Kid yang diambil di Fort Sumner pada tahun 1880, misalnya, dijual dengan harga $ 2.3 juta pada tahun 2011.

Foto Billy the Kid dan gengnya yang bermain kroket 1878 yang luar biasa juga telah dinilai dan diinsuranskan dengan harga $ 5 juta.

Pengumpul lain telah mendapat jackpot dalam beberapa tahun kebelakangan ini. Foto abad ke-19 yang dibeli di pasar loak North Carolina dengan harga $ 10 didapati menunjukkan kedua Billy the Kid dan Pat Garrett pembunuhnya, berpotensi menjadikannya bernilai jutaan dolar. Gibson dan Dunniway mengusahakan pengesahan gambar tersebut.

Pada tahun 2015, gambar James dan pembunuhnya yang langka muncul, menimbulkan banyak kegembiraan.

SWNS melaporkan bahawa Whiting telah berhubung dengan rumah lelong Christie mengenai gambar Jesse James.

Jurucakap Christie enggan mengulas mengenai kisah ini, memberitahu Fox News bahawa rumah lelong "tidak memberi komen mengenai apa-apa yang tidak dihantar untuk dijual."


Hari Ini dalam Sejarah: Jesse James yang Dibunuh (1882)

Gambar di atas sangat menarik. Sebabnya adalah satu-satunya gambar yang diketahui oleh penjenayah terkenal Jesse James (di sebelah kanan) bersama pembunuhnya, Robert Ford (kiri). Walaupun selama bertahun-tahun mustahil untuk mengatakan apakah foto itu asli atau tidak, foto itu telah diperiksa secara saintifik. Rupanya itu nyata.

Kisah Jesse James adalah legenda. Dalam fiksyen, James dan gengnya diidolakan sebagai sekumpulan lelaki yang beralih kepada jenayah dengan alasan di luar kawalan mereka. Seperti kebanyakan fiksyen, ini sangat sensasional. James dan gengnya adalah pembunuh, dan mencuri tanpa tujuan altruistik yang kita ketahui.

Jesse James. Wikipedia

Pada 3 April 1882, James dikhianati oleh rakan kumpulan Bob Ford. Ford menembak Jesse James di belakang, dan menuntut wang hadiah dari Gabenor negeri Missouri.

Permulaan untuk Jesse James adalah sebagai pejuang Gabungan di selatan. Dia dan saudaranya turut serta dalam pembunuhan peneroka dan tentera Union. Setelah Perang Saudara berakhir, anak-anak itu kembali ke kehidupan mereka yang tenang di Missouri untuk sedikit masa.

Namun, mereka tidak merasa cukup menarik. Rompakan bank pertama mereka berlaku pada 13 Februari 1866. Beberapa legenda Jesse James yang berasal dari fiksyen ada kaitan dengan politik. Dia bergabung dengan kumpulan bekas Gabungan yang semuanya akan mengambil bahagian dalam rompakan dan pembunuhan. Sebilangan besar sasaran mereka (sekurang-kurangnya pada awal kejahatan mereka) dimiliki oleh orang utara, anti-perbudakan, atau Republik yang pro-Kesatuan. Oleh itu, idea bahawa geng James berjuang dan melakukan jenayah untuk tujuan yang lebih bersatu di luar hanya menjana wang.

Sepanjang 16 tahun akan datang, kumpulan itu akan memuncak dan jatuh. Pada tahun-tahun awal, penduduk tempatan akan melindungi James dan gengnya, mencegah penangkapan dan penangkapan mereka. Namun, ketika tindakan jenayah mereka mulai mempengaruhi pelaku bukan politik (yang bermaksud mereka mulai merompak sesama bekas Gabungan), sokongan mereka menjadi semakin kering, sehingga pemerintah lebih mudah memilih mereka.

James mula-mula menjadi terkenal, dan pemimpin geng itu ketika dia menembak dan membunuh seorang juruwang di Daviess County Savings Association pada tahun 1869. Dia dan saudaranya Frank harus melepaskan diri dari seekor poni, dan mereka diberi penghargaan dengan liputan di surat khabar untuk yang pertama masa.

Pada 3 April 1882, Bob Ford, yang baru saja bergabung dengan kru James yang berkurang, membuat perjanjian dengan Gabenor Missouri. Dia dan saudaranya pernah tinggal bersama Jesse James dan isterinya (yang juga sepupu pertamanya) semasa mereka merancang pelarian haram mereka yang seterusnya. Semasa berada di ruang tamu rumah mereka, dan sementara Jesse James memusingkan badannya, Ford menarik revolvernya dan menembak James di bahagian belakang kepala.

Telah didalilkan bahawa James tahu ia akan datang, dan dia benar-benar tahu bahawa anggota kumpulannya telah mengkhianatinya. Sama ada ini benar atau tidak, tidak ada yang benar-benar tahu.


Foto baru membuktikan Jesse James memalsukan kematiannya

Selama lebih dari dua dekad, ibu saya, Betty Dorsett Duke telah meneliti kisah keluarganya dalam usaha untuk menentukan sama ada datuk atau neneknya benar-benar penjahat Old West, Jesse Woodson James yang memalsukan kematiannya dan tinggal hingga usia 97 tahun di Blevins , Texas di bawah alias James Lafayette Courtney. Beberapa pakar fotografi forensik telah mengesahkan bahawa gambar keluarganya sesuai dengan gambar Jesse James, ibu Jesse, Zerelda, ayah tiri Jesse, Dr. Reuben Samuel dan ahli keluarga yang lain. Bukti dijumpai dalam catatan bancian, surat beranak, artikel surat khabar dari masa itu, banyak buku dan sumber lain termasuk buku harian datuk besar Betty di mana dia menandatangani namanya Jesse James. Dia bahkan membuktikan bahawa penggalian 1995 kubur Jesse James yang diduga di Kearney, Missouri, yang dipimpin oleh profesor James Starrs dicemari dan tidak membuktikan apa-apa.

Tetapi, dari semua penemuannya dalam mencari kebenaran, salah satu penemuan yang membuatnya paling gembira adalah foto yang dia suka namakan "foto eBay" yang dengan jelas menunjukkan datuknya, Jesse James duduk di halaman rumahnya di Blevins, Texas di sebelahnya. Annie Ralston dan Frank James bersama dengan beberapa ahli keluarga yang dikenali dan rakan rapat yang berdiri di belakang mereka. "Ini benar-benar penemuan yang luar biasa.

Baru-baru ini kakak saya, Teresa Duke, menemui sebuah foto yang akan membuat ibu kita bangga. Foto ini (milik Koleksi Phillips) bertajuk: Jesse James Funeral dan menunjukkan dengan tepat apa yang dikatakan oleh ibu saya Betty Dorsett Duke selama ini: "Jesse James menghadiri pengkebumiannya sendiri" dan "Wood Hite (sepupu Jesse) orang yang terbunuh dan meninggal dunia sebagai Jesse. "

Saya menghubungi ejen The Phillips Collection dan dia sangat baik dan ramah memberi saya izin untuk menyiarkan gambar dengan syarat bahawa saya menyenaraikan siapa dia dan pasukannya yang percaya bahawa beberapa orang dalam foto itu dan kemudian saya akan menyenaraikan siapa keluarga saya dan yang lain percaya bahawa mereka ada. Oleh itu, saya akan menghantar gambar dengan identiti beliau terlebih dahulu dan saya akan mengikutinya dengan foto yang menyenaraikan identiti yang kami percaya betul. Di bawah ini saya akan melihat lebih terperinci dengan perbandingan foto untuk menunjukkan mengapa kita percaya seperti yang kita lakukan.

Sekarang untuk versi foto yang diperbetulkan:

Pertama, saya ingin menunjukkan bahawa kami percaya, seperti juga banyak sejarawan bahawa Zerelda tingginya 6 kaki. Ia didokumentasikan dengan baik. Pada pandangan pertama dia nampaknya lebih pendek dari yang ada di sekelilingnya tetapi jika anda akan melihat tanah di mana mereka berdiri, itu nampaknya miring yang kemungkinan merupakan hasil tanah yang menumpuk di sekitar kubur. Kaki Jesse kelihatan lebih tinggi antara 6 hingga 8 inci daripada kaki Zerelda. Jesse tingginya lebih dari 6 kaki (yang juga telah didokumentasikan dengan baik).

Pasukan kami bersetuju dengan pasukan Koleksi Phillips berkaitan dengan identiti Frank James dan Zerelda James Samuel, jadi pada pendapat saya tidak perlu menunjukkan perbandingan mereka pada masa ini. Oleh itu, saya akan melihat perbandingan dua bintang foto ini: Jesse James dan Wood Hite.

Untuk perbandingan foto pertama, saya akan mulakan dengan Jesse James.

Perhatikan rambut, bentuk mata dan hidungnya dan dahi yang tinggi. Dia mempunyai janggut di foto pengebumian dan tentu saja, dia lebih muda di foto di sebelah kiri tetapi kami percaya itu adalah Wood Hite di dalam peti mati.

Sudah tentu, bukan bergantung pada kita untuk membuktikan siapa yang ada di dalam peti mati, Betty Dorsett Duke sudah membuktikan siapa yang tidak berada di dalam peti mati. Jesse James berada di pengebumiannya tetapi dia tidak mati. Foto pengebumian, milik Phillips Collection, memberikan lebih banyak bukti bahawa Jesse James tinggal & meninggal di Texas pada usia 97 tahun.


  • Sebuah gambar vintaj penjahat Wild West Jesse James akan dijual dengan harga ribuan
  • Ia didakwa menunjukkan James, 14, dua tahun sebelum dia menyertai misi Gabungan
  • Justin Whiting membeli gambar anak pendeta Baptist dengan harga £ 7 di eBay
  • Seorang pakar fotografi dari California mengesahkan bahawa gambar itu asli
  • Whiting, dari Spalding, Lincolnshire, dapat menjual kembali foto itu dengan harga ribuan

Diterbitkan: 11:47 BST, 19 Mac 2018 | Dikemas kini: 13:06 BST, 19 Mac 2018

Ini dianggap sebagai foto yang paling awal diketahui dari penjahat legenda Jesse James pada usia lembut 14 tahun, ketika remaja berwajah bayi itu hanyalah anak pendeta Baptis dari keluarga tani ternama di Missouri.

Dalam gambar warna Victoria yang diambil sekitar tahun 1961, James berdiri dengan rambut punggung yang licin, memakai sut gelap dan bersandar di kerusi.

Hanya dua tahun selepas foto itu diambil, seorang milisi Union menyerang ladang keluarganya, menolaknya untuk bergabung dengan militia Konfederasi dalam Perang Saudara Amerika, memulakan transformasinya menjadi pembunuh kejam.

Selepas Perang Saudara, dia beralih ke kehidupan yang penuh kejahatan - merompak bank, kereta api dan kereta api sebelum ditembak mati oleh rakan gengnya pada tahun 1882 berusia 34 tahun.

Kini, pengumpul Justin Whiting, 45 tahun, akan menjual gambar vintage untuk ribuan orang setelah berusia 45 tahun, dari Spalding, Lincolnshire, membeli gambar itu dari eBay dengan harga $ 10 (£ 7).

Whiting mendakwa gambar itu kini bernilai ribuan setelah mengesahkan gambar tersebut dengan pakar fotografi abad ke-19 dan pakar forensik.

Ini adalah foto yang paling awal diketahui dari penjahat legenda Jesse James pada usia lembut 14 tahun, ketika remaja berwajah bayi itu hanyalah anak pendeta Baptis dari keluarga tani ternama di Missouri.

Hanya dua tahun selepas foto itu diambil, seorang milisi Union menyerang ladang keluarganya, menolaknya untuk bergabung dengan militia Konfederasi dalam Perang Saudara Amerika, memulakan transformasinya menjadi pembunuh kejam. Gambar: James sebagai penjahat

Foto Jesse James (kanan) dan gambar penjahat yang ada pada usia yang sama (kiri). Seorang pakar mengesahkan gambar itu adalah potret asli perompak bank itu dan mengatakan gambar itu diambil ketika penjahat berwajah bayi itu baru berusia 14 tahun

Dilahirkan pada tahun 1847, James dibesarkan di sebuah ladang di Kearney, Missouri.

Ayahnya, Robert S. James, adalah menteri yang memiliki hamba di Kentucky dan mengusahakan rami komersial di ladang seluas 100 ekar sebelum pindah ke Missouri.

James Sr meninggal ketika James baru berusia tiga tahun. Menteri itu menuju ke barat untuk memberitakan keselamatan kepada para penambang emas di California.

Ibu James, Zerelda, berkahwin semula dua kali dan pada masa suaminya yang ketiga, keluarga itu telah memperoleh tujuh budak.

Missouri adalah sebuah negara perbatasan, yang bermaksud itu adalah antara Korea Utara yang bebas dan yang memiliki hamba. Ini juga mengetepikan Kansas, yang dikenal pada era itu sebagai 'Pendarahan Kansas' kerana masalah yang dipertikaikan jika perbudakan diizinkan.

Ketika Perang Saudara mulai meletus, sebagian besar ketegangan datang dari perbatasan Missouri-Kansas, tempat James membesar, antara kumpulan pro-hamba dan anti-perbudakan.

Pada tahun 1863, ladang keluarga James diserang secara brutal oleh tentera Unionis dan dia akhirnya menjadi sebahagian daripada kempen gerila menentang Utara.

Pada masa inilah dia menjadi pahlawan rakyat di negeri asalnya di Missouri kerana berperang melawan Unionists.

Selepas perang James menjadi salah satu watak paling ikonik pada zamannya, memperoleh status selebriti dengan memegang bank, kereta api dan kereta api bersama dengan kakaknya Frank James.

Dia bersembunyi pada tahun 1876 setelah sebahagian besar anggota kumpulannya terbunuh dalam rompakan bank di bandar kecil Northfield, Minnesota.

James menghabiskan enam tahun untuk melarikan diri dari undang-undang, bersekongkol dengan anggota geng dipercayai Charley dan Robert Ford.

Tetapi ketika dia membersihkan gambar, Ford berdiri dan menembaknya di belakang kepala sebelum mengirim telegram, meminta hadiah $ 10,000 di kepala James.

KEHIDUPAN LEGENDARI JUN JESSE GUNSLINGER DAN BAGAIMANA DIA MENGENAI AKHIRNYA

Legenda Barat: Jesse James muda, bersenjata dengan tiga revolver, berpose gambar pada akhir tahun 1800-an

Dia adalah legenda Wild West dan salah satu undang-undang Amerika yang paling terkenal sepanjang masa.

Jesse James menjadi terkenal ketika Perang Saudara Amerika ketika dia dan saudaranya Frank memimpin pasukan gerila Gabungan menentang Union di negara asal mereka di Missouri.

Selepas perang, mereka jatuh ke dalam kehidupan yang penuh kejahatan - merompak bank, kereta api dan kereta api ketika mereka menunggang geng yang berlainan.

Nasib Jesse dimeteraikan berikutan rompakan bank yang dahsyat di Northfield, Minnesota, ketika banyak anggota geng ditangkap atau cedera.

Mereka memilih bandar Minnesota kerana ia kecil dan dianggap damai tetapi yang paling penting hanya ada satu bank. Kisah akhbar melaporkan bahawa kunci selamat dan waktu baru dan dua pintu berat untuk peti besi baru saja ditambahkan ke bangunan First National.

Tetapi ini tidak mematikan kumpulan itu. Mereka berpendapat bahawa ancaman senjata akan cukup untuk meyakinkan kebanyakan lelaki untuk membuka peti besi. Ini hanya bermaksud bahawa semua wang di bandar ada di satu tempat dan jika ada cukup wang untuk membuatnya layak untuk dilaburkan dalam sekuriti tersebut, ada cukup untuk membuatnya bernilai dirompak.

Menurut catatan terperinci mengenai kehidupan James oleh sejarawan Mark Lee Gardner, pada hari mereka menunggang ke Northfield, 7 September 1876, mereka 'berada di puncak permainan mereka.'

Tetapi kakitangan bank menolak. Rasa kecewa, anggota geng Frank James melepaskan tembakan di atas kepala penjaga buku Joseph Heywood.

Dalam keadaan asap dan kebingungan, seorang rakan sekerja, walaupun dia telah ditembak, melarikan diri, membawa lebih banyak tembakan dari perompak itu. Tidak lama kemudian semuanya mula terungkap.

Bandar ini diberitahu mengenai serbuan yang berlaku. Semua wang mereka disimpan di bangunan itu - dan semua tidak diinsuranskan. Mereka memutuskan untuk melawan.

Pertempuran senjata berlangsung kurang dari 10 minit. Dengan panik, anggota kumpulan yang berjaga-jaga terus berlari di tengah peluru ketika penduduk tempatan membalas serangan.

Ahli sejarah Mr Gardner menyatakan: 'Ketika warga kota menembak untuk membunuh, tembakan penjahat itu benar-benar dimaksudkan untuk menakut-nakutkan, menakut-nakutkan, membeli masa - paling tidak pada awalnya.'

Dengan kepalanya yang besar, Jesse James akhirnya ditembak dan dibunuh oleh Robert Ford, anggota gengnya sendiri

Mengawasi di luar ketika rasa panik semakin meningkat, Cole Younger memberi isyarat untuk berundur: 'Demi Tuhan,' teriaknya. 'Keluar. Mereka menembak kita semua. '

Ketika selesai perompak Clell Miller dan Bill Chadwell terbaring mati di jalan. Penjaga buku Joseph Heywood mempunyai peluru di kepalanya dan seorang lagi penduduk tempatan terbunuh dalam kegilaan di luar. Tangkapan geng itu berjumlah $ 26.60 'dalam bentuk duit syiling dan wang tunai.'

Bob Coles telah terkena. Mereka pergi, enam orang dengan lima ekor kuda dan selama 14 hari berikutnya menghindari penangkapan yang menjadi perburuan terbesar dalam sejarah AS.

Lebih daripada 1,000 lelaki mengejar mereka di kawasan rawa dan hutan. Cole Younger kemudian mengingatkan: "Kami menderita dalam empat belas hari itu seratus kematian."

Jesse berjaya melarikan diri dan tinggal di St Jo dengan nama palsu, tanpa menyedari ada wang tunai $ 10,000 di kepalanya.

Tetapi pada suatu pagi, ketika Jesse yang berusia 34 tahun naik ke atas kerusi untuk meluruskan gambar, dia ditembak di belakang kepala oleh rakannya yang lain, Robert Ford.

Ford menembak James ketika dia berdiri untuk menyesuaikan gambar di ruang tamu rumahnya. James paranoid setelah menjalani kehidupan dan telah mengajak Ford dan saudaranya Charles untuk tinggal bersama dia dan isterinya Zee dan melindungi mereka.

'Jumpa saya di Kansas City malam ini atau esok. Saya mempunyai lelaki saya, 'kata telegram Ford kepada Thomas Crittenden, Gabenor Missouri.

Crittenden telah memberikan hadiah $ 10,000 pada Jesse, dan $ 40,000 jika dia dibawa hidup, tetapi tidak ada yang benar-benar percaya Jesse James akan dihidupkan.

Sebagai gantinya, James, lelaki yang selamat dari pertempuran dan serangan yang berani, mati kerana dia hidup dengan peluru dan karunia.

Sekarang Justin Whiting (gambar), dari Spalding, Lincolnshire, dapat menjual gambar itu dengan harga ribuan pound setelah membelinya dengan harga eBay 7 £

Pemungut Jason Whiting membeli foto vintaj penjenayah AS yang terkenal pada bulan Julai 2017 dan segera mengesan Will Dunniway, pakar fotografi abad ke-19 dari California.

Dia terkejut ketika pakar forensik mengesahkan gambarnya mengenai penjahat Wild West yang terkenal itu asli dan dapat dijual dengan harga ribuan.

Whiting berkata: "Apa-apa sahaja boleh dilakukan di eBay jadi saya terus membeli gambar ganjil untuk beberapa orang, seperti orang lain akan membeli tiket loteri.

"Saya perhatikan gambar itu dijual - harganya $ 10. Itu agak kabur di laman web ini tetapi ketika saya mendapatkannya, itu jauh lebih jelas. '

'' Saya berfikir sendiri: '' Gee wizz, ini boleh menjadi gambar sebenar! '' Saya telah terobsesi dengan penjahat Amerika selama bertahun-tahun dan membaca banyak buku dan mengkaji wajah mereka.

"Gambar itu sama dengan gambar dalam buku saya, kecuali gambarnya panjang lebar. Semua rakan saya mengatakan ia sama tetapi saya tahu saya perlu menghubungi pakar.

"Saya tidak berani mempercayai mereka akan mengatakan itu asli."

Pakar Dunniway mengesahkan bahawa gambar itu adalah potret asli perompak bank Jesse James, yang diambil ketika penjahat berwajah bayi itu baru berusia 14 tahun.

Laporan pakarnya mengatakan: 'Usia gambar ini adalah sekitar 1861-2 dan betul dalam setiap cara untuk tempoh ini.'

"Apabila dibandingkan dengan gambar perbandingan yang banyak digunakan, saya percaya ia diambil pada hari yang sama oleh jurugambar yang sama.

"Sangat jelas pada wajah, potongan rambut, jaket, kemeja dan tali leher bahawa ini adalah gambar yang sama dengan Jesse James pada usia 14 tahun. Salah satu yang asli. '

Whiting membeli gambar vintaj penjahat AS yang terkenal pada bulan Julai 2017 di eBay (gambar) dan segera mengesan pakar fotografi abad ke-19 dari California

Mr Whiting then sent the 3.5 inches by 2.5 inches Victorian tintype photograph to Los Angeles forensic expert Kent Gibson who has verified evidence for the FBI.

Mr Gibson also confirmed the image was authentic and said: 'All power to Justin. An authentic photograph of outlaw Billy the Kid sold for $5million in 2015 so the sky's the limit.

'Jesse James is a very famous outlaw so this is obviously a valuable image.'

Mr Whiting, who has been out of work since 2003 due to back problems, has already been in touch with posh London auction house Christie's and is looking forward to spending his windfall.

He said: 'I'm definitely selling it. I'll be able to buy my own house and my own car. I can't wait. Good things do happen sometimes.'


Controversy surrounds new Jesse James photo discovery

1 of 29 This is the photo that HPD's 33-year forensic artist Lois Gibson said shows notorious Western outlaw Jesse James and his eventual killer Robert Ford. Now expert debate rages over how to really find the answer. Show More Show Less

2 of 29 American outlaw Frank James (second from left) and others pose over the dead body of his brother, Jesse James at Sidenfaden Funeral Parlor, St. Joseph, Missouri, April 4, 1882. Jesse was shot by Bob Ford, a member of his own gang, after Missouri Governer Thomas T. Crittenden offered a reward for the capture of the James brothers, dead or alive. Authenticated News/Getty Images Show More Show Less

A photo of the purported newly-discovered photo of James besides a rare known photo.

5 of 29 Lois Gibson, a forensic analyst and the head forensic artist for the Houston Police Department, spent one month "exhaustively" verifying a purported photo of legendary American outlaw Jesse James. After her work, she said she concluded that it was him. Experts called the find, if verified, a very big deal. Lois Gibson Show More Show Less

7 of 29 Lois Gibson, a forensic analyst and the head forensic artist for the Houston Police Department, spent one month "exhaustively" verifying a purported photo of legendary American outlaw Jesse James. After her work, she said she concluded that it was him. Experts called the find, if verified, a very big deal. Lois Gibson Show More Show Less

8 of 29 Lois Gibson, a forensic analyst and the head forensic artist for the Houston Police Department, spent one month "exhaustively" verifying a purported photo of legendary American outlaw Jesse James. After her work, she said she concluded that it was him. Experts called the find, if verified, a very big deal. Lois Gibson Show More Show Less

10 of 29 Lois Gibson, a forensic analyst and the head forensic artist for the Houston Police Department, spent one month "exhaustively" verifying a purported photo of legendary American outlaw Jesse James. After her work, she said she concluded that it was him. Experts called the find, if verified, a very big deal. Lois Gibson Show More Show Less

11 of 29 Lois Gibson, a forensic analyst and the head forensic artist for the Houston Police Department, spent one month "exhaustively" verifying a purported photo of legendary American outlaw Jesse James. After her work, she said she concluded that it was him. Experts called the find, if verified, a very big deal. Lois Gibson Show More Show Less

13 of 29 Lois Gibson, a forensic analyst and the head forensic artist for the Houston Police Department, spent one month "exhaustively" verifying a purported photo of legendary American outlaw Jesse James. After her work, she said she concluded that it was him. Experts called the find, if verified, a very big deal. Lois Gibson Show More Show Less

14 of 29 Lois Gibson, a forensic analyst and the head forensic artist for the Houston Police Department, spent one month "exhaustively" verifying a purported photo of legendary American outlaw Jesse James. After her work, she said she concluded that it was him. Experts called the find, if verified, a very big deal. Show More Show Less

16 of 29 Portrait of American assassin Robert 'Bob' Ford (1861 - 1892) showing off the revolver he used to kill outlaw Jesse James in 1882, mid 1880s. Authenticated News/Getty Images Show More Show Less

17 of 29 Outlaw Jesse James home at St. Joseph, next to the filling station. Walter Sanders/Getty Images Show More Show Less

19 of 29 The room in which Jesse James was shot and killed in his own home. Walter Sanders/Getty Images Show More Show Less

20 of 29 A view showing the safe that was once robbed by the outlaw Jesse James. Walter Sanders/Getty Images Show More Show Less

22 of 29 Portrait of American outlaw Jesse James (1847- 1882), late 1870s. He and his brother Frank led a gang of criminals who commited a string of murders and robberies across the Central States after the Civil War. Jesse was shot by Bob Ford, a member of his gang, shortly after Missouri Governor Thomas T. Crittenden issued a warrant for his and his brother's capture, dead or alive. Kean Collection/Getty Images Show More Show Less

23 of 29 The blotter on the man who killed Robert Ford, c1892 (1954). Robert Ford was the man who killed the famous outlaw Jesse James in 1882. He was himself murdered in 1892, shot by Edward O'Kelley. A print from the Pictorial History of the Wild West, by James D Horan and Paul Sann, Spring Books, London, 1954. Print Collector/Getty Images Show More Show Less

25 of 29 Jesse James in death, 1882 (1954). Picture taken just before he was placed in his $500 coffin. A leading member of the James-Younger gang, Jesse James was one of the most notorious outlaws of the American West, robbing banks, stagecoaches and trains. He was shot and killed in 1882 by Robert Ford, a member of the gang intent on claiming the bounty on James's head. A print from the Pictorial History of the Wild West, by James D Horan and Paul Sann, Spring Books, London, 1954. Print Collector/Getty Images Show More Show Less

26 of 29 Jesse James, American outlaw, c1869-1882 (1954). A leading member of the James-Younger gang, Jesse James was one of the most notorious outlaws of the American West, robbing banks, stagecoaches and trains. He was shot and killed in 1882 by Robert Ford, a member of the gang intent on claiming the bounty on James's head. A print from the Pictorial History of the Wild West, by James D Horan and Paul Sann, Spring Books, London, 1954. Print Collector/Getty Images Show More Show Less

28 of 29 Circa 1880: A 500 dollar reward poster for the arrest and conviction of American outlaw Jesse James, placed by the St. Louis Midland Railroad. American Stock Archive/Getty Images Show More Show Less

Expert debate has erupted over a photograph, identified in September by the Houston Police Department's veteran specialist in facial recognition as legendary outlaw Jesse James, seated next to his eventual killer, Robert Ford.

James lived a life on the run from the law, and seldom sat for photos before his 1882 death. An image of him would be an exceptionally rare and valuable find, but would require a meticulous process of verification.

HPD's forensic artist, Lois Gibson, spent a month analyzing facial features of the men in the photo. And last week, a genealogist traced the family of the photo's owner back to the James' community in 19th Century Missouri. But even that is only the start.

Take, for example, a photo of Billy the Kid&mdashanother famed Western bandit&mdashverified Tuesday and expected to sell for millions. Investigators spent more than a year researching the photo, even locating the building pictured in the background and excavating its remains. The process and discovery were notable enough to merit a National Geographic documentary, scheduled to air this month.

The purported Jesse James photo belonged to Sandy Mills, a rural Washingtonian who said she inherited it from her grandmother, who inherited it from her grandmother, who used to tell stories about harboring the infamous outlaw gang in their Missouri farmhouse. Mills sent the photo to Gibson, a Guinness award-winning facial expert, who said in September she was sure it was James. Tetapi tidak semua orang bersetuju.

Eric James, a self-described descendant of the bandit family and a prominent Jesse James blogger, published a scathing rebuttal, calling Gibson a "liar," "con-artist" and a "fraud." He said Mills had previously offered the image to him for verification, but that he deemed it "blatantly false."

"No evidence exists that Lois Gibson performed any scientific authentication of image assessment, or that she in qualified to do so," he wrote, passing off Gibson's eight pages of analytic illustrations as fraudulent comparisons to fake images of Jesse James.

He posted his article via Facebook with Freda Cruse Hardison, 58, a respected historian of the Ozark Region in Arkansas and Missouri. He didn't know that Hardison, who holds a PhD from the University of California, was preparing to publish her new historical novel: "Frank and Jesse James Friends and Family," which details the extended community of the famed outlaw brothers.

So when Hardison learned of the emerging controversy over an image of the Western legend, she figured she could weigh in easily. She'd already spent the last decade assembling a 50,000-person family tree for historical residents of Arkansas and Missouri. She contacted Gibson, plugged in some names and made a discovery.

Mills' great-great-grandmother, Pauline Roundtree, was indeed linked closely to Jesse James&mdashshe was the first cousin, once-removed, of Jesse's sister-in-law, Annie Ralston. For 19th Century towns of the Midwestern frontier, Hardison said, that's a tight connection, and means they plausibly lived nearby.

"It's not hard for me to believe at all that Pauline Roundtree would have been a part of all of that extended family and extended community of the James brothers," said Hardison, who's been cited as an expert on the Travel Chanel's "America Declassified" and in Oxford American Magazine.

It was Jesse James legends like the one Mills' grandma told that inspired Hardison to the topic of her book&mdashstories she heard through years of regional research, about the time when grandpa fed the James brothers, when grandma gave them horses or when the outlaws sought refuge in a local cave. Hardison assumed they were tall tales.

Through investigation, she uncovered records of a great web of community relationships that kept the James brothers safe from the law during their years of banditry. When many local legends proved to be true, Hardison asked why people never told them before. They had, they'd tell her, but no one believed them.

Eric James, reached by email, said Hardison's research was "a hoax."

It's almost impossible to know for sure. Establishing a family link doesn't prove that's Jesse James in the photo. And there are no national standards for consistency and validation in most forensic sciences, including facial recognition, according to a 2009 report by the National Academy of Science, so Gibson could only present a compelling case, not conclusive evidence.

That's why T.J. Stiles, a leading biographer of Jesse James, said he sticks with photographs verified at the time, like a portrait of James in the Missouri State Archives that was signed by his widow.

"We have to assume that he did not have many photographs taken of himself, and that only those closest to him ever got their hands on one," he said. "But we want so much to find that hidden treasure, that rare photograph of the eternal fugitive."


Rare photo of Jesse James sitting beside killer being auctioned in Central Texas

1 of 87 The rare tintype photo of Jesse James sitting beside his eventual murderer, Robert Ford, comes from the estate of San Antonio collectors Tommy and Sara Jane Howell. The lot, touting the prized photo and other antiques, is the second installment sold by Burley Auctions. The loose estimated sales price of the photo is $50,000 to $1 million. Show More Show Less

2 of 87 "Texas in Focus: Early Photographs from the State Archives" — provides an unprecedented look at everyday life during the 1800s in Texas. Texas State Library and Archives Commission Show More Show Less

4 of 87 Edward Burleson, 1/134-10

5 of 87 Portrait of Sam Houston, 1/102-286

7 of 87 1965/087-3 Thurlow Weed on pony, large format card photo

8 of 87 Identified on the back of the print as both J. A. Menchaca and Manchaca, 1/115-24

10 of 87 1963/084-3 Adam Rankin Johnson, cabinet card

11 of 87 Unidentified, 1/115-85

13 of 87 Portrait of an Unidentified Man, 1/102-722

14 of 87 William R. Shannon, 1/115-65

16 of 87 Samuel Maverick, 1/115-23B

17 of 87 Seven Men Who Voted Against Secession, 1966/122-1

19 of 87 Angel Navarro III, 1/115-25A

20 of 87 1964/306-418 R. Niles Graham with banjo, by Chapman, Austin, TX

22 of 87 1/35-32 Peddler, San Antonio, 1880

23 of 87 2011/348-20.99 Albert Wadworth, by Sink, Calvert, TX

25 of 87 2011/348-20.91 Two men with dog, by Robinson, Yoakum and LaGrange, TX

26 of 87 Sam Houston wearing a riding duster, 1/136-1

28 of 87 1981/88: Battleship Texas, coming home from Santiago, 1898

29 of 87 C. Jefferson at the Texas Cotton Palace, 1930/003-15

31 of 87 2011/348-20.95 Child with dog, by Holland, Wharton, TX

32 of 87 Unidentified woman, 1/164-23

34 of 87 1/104-24 Scottish stone cutters, boudoir format card

35 of 87 James Webb Throckmorton, The Texas Album of the Eighth Legislature, 1991/137-32

37 of 87 Mr. and Mrs. George Washington Wright, 1936/010-1 and 2

38 of 87 1981/88: Battleship Texas, coming home from Santiago, 1898

40 of 87 1979/031-4 Anna Boardman, albumen portrait on glass

41 of 87 S.E. Hessor (?) and T.S. Scott, posed portrait, 1/102-710

43 of 87 Edna Johnson, 1946/1-26A

44 of 87 Unidentified man and two boys, 1953/7-1

46 of 87 1975/070-5237 Gregorio Cortez, cabinet card

47 of 87 1964/306-137 Henry Hoxey Ladd, by Journeay, Austin, TX

49 of 87 1/35-25: Alamo Mission, San Antonio, 1880

50 of 87 Unidentified child, 1/164-34

52 of 87 1964/306-399 Carte-de-visite portrait of small child

53 of 87 2011/348-20.92 Children’s recital, by Green Gallery, Matagorda, TX

55 of 87 1/35-31: Mexican market, Military Plaza, San Antonio, 1880

56 of 87 1/25-1 Hood's Brigade veterans, carte-de-visite

58 of 87 Sons of George Kerr, 1957/43-6

59 of 87 Major General Sterling Price, 1953/7-7

61 of 87 Serena Kerr, 1957/43-5

62 of 87 George Kerr, 1957/43-4

64 of 87 Elizabeth Fitzpatrick Elmore and son, 2011/348-8.32

65 of 87 Caleb Brown, 1/147-2

67 of 87 Samuel Waller Cole, 1/134-4

68 of 87 Gem portrait of unidentified woman, 1/134-03

70 of 87 Woman with books, roses, and stringed musical instrument, 1/102-686

71 of 87 Portrait of unidentified man with ring, 1/134-08

73 of 87 San Antonio Street Scene, Soledad Street, 1/134-11

74 of 87 1/25 Old limestone Capitol after fire, Austin, 1881

76 of 87 1/104-214 Big Tree and Satanta, carte-de-visite

77 of 87 13th Texas Legislature, 1873—Liberators of Texas, 1/151-01

79 of 87 Constitutional Convention composite, 1/170-01

80 of 87 2011/348-20.61 Federal revenue tax stamps on reverse of carte-de-visite

82 of 87 Velvet book-style case, 1964/265-2

83 of 87 Samuel and Mary Bewley portrait, 1964/306-1383

85 of 87 Thermoplastic case, 1964/265-1

86 of 87 Velvet case and preserver, 1993/204

At one point in his infamous exploits of murder and robbery, Jesse James sat beside his eventual killer, Robert Ford, for a photo. And on Saturday a New Braunfels auction bidder will take the piece of history home.

The rare tintype photo comes from the estate of San Antonio collectors Tommy and Sara Jane Howell. The lot, touting the prized photo and other antiques, is the second installment sold by Burley Auctions.

Leading forensic artist Lois Gibson positively identified Jesse James and Ford as the two subject matters in the photograph. Ford, a member of James' gang, shot and killed the outlaw in the back of his head in hopes of collecting his bounty in 1882.

Genealogical research conducted by historian and author Freda Cruse Hardison found Jesse James' brother and accomplice, Frank James, as the connection to how the photo was preserved, according to the auction website.

The photo was passed down from a woman named Pauline Roundtree to her great-great-grand daughter Sandy Mills. Roundtree acquired the picture from her first cousin, once-removed, Annie Ralston James, who was the wife of Frank James.

Burley Auctions have provided a loose estimated sales price of $50,000 to $1 million for the photo. Winner of the sale will own the only known photo of the two men together, according to Burley Auctions.


Jesse James: The Birth of a Killer

Guerillas by Andy Thomas captures the ferocity of the Southern bushwhackers Jesse and Frank James rode with against Union troops and Kansas militias in the bloody sectarian border conflicts that defined life in the Missouri-Kansas region before, during and after the Civil War.
– Courtesy Andy Thomas Fine Art –

The wails, the babble of words, the murmuring of the crowd suddenly stopped as two young men appeared. They stepped past the body, approached a town marshal who stood close by, and offered to surrender. They had killed this man, one of them declared, and now they expected their reward. The lawman looked at them in astonishment. “My God,” he said, “do you mean to tell us that this is Jesse James?”

“Yes,” the pair replied in unison.

“Those who were standing near,” the reporter wrote, “drew in their breaths in silence at the thought of being so near Jesse James, even if he was dead.”

Missouri guerilla leader Fletch Taylor (left), who later would lose his right arm, was Frank (center) and Jesse James’s commanding officer in 1864 before the James boys joined “Bloody Bill” Anderson’s bushwhackers. They posed for the rare wartime photo soon after Jesse joined Taylor’s marauders in April 1864.
– All images True West Archives unless otherwise noted–

Robin Hood or Hooded Bandit?

Jesse James was not an inarticulate avenger for the poor his popularity was driven by politics—politics based on wartime allegiances—and was rooted among former Confederates. Even his attacks on unpopular economic targets, the banks and the railroads, turn out on closer inspection to have had political resonances. He was, in fact, a major force in the attempt to create a Confederate identity for Missouri, a cultural and political offensive waged by the defeated rebels to undo the triumph of the Radical Republicans in the Civil War. His robberies, his murders, his letters to the newspapers, and his starring role in ex-Shelby Brigade cavalry Officer John N. Edwards’s Kansas City Times columns all played a part in the Confederate effort to achieve wartime goals by political means (to use historian Christopher Phillips’s neat reversal of Clausewitz’s dictum). Had Jesse James existed a century later, he would have been called a terrorist.

A rare 1863 photograph of three Missouri partisan rangers, l.-r., Archie Clement, Dave Pool and Bill Hendricks, possibly was taken on Christmas Day in Sherman, Texas. Jesse and Frank James both rode with Pool and Clement, who at five feet tall was known as “Little Archie.” Jesse became a great admirer of the vicious bushwhacker.

Terrorist? The term hardly fits with the traditional image of him as a Wild West outlaw, yippin’ and yellin’ and shooting it out with the county sheriff. But he saw himself as a Southerner, a Confederate, a vindicator of the rebel cause, and so he must be seen in the context of Southern “outlaws”—particularly the Klan and other highly political paramilitary forces. Even more important, he was not simply a puppet of John Edwards, but an active participant in the creation of his own legend. Edwards’s glorification of the bushwhacker bandits only began after the publicity-minded James rose to leadership and began to demand attention on his own. An avid student of current affairs, he sometimes outdid his editor friend in his public attacks on the Radical Republicans (to Edwards’s evident alarm). Was he a criminal? Ya. Was he in it for the money? Ya. Did he choose all his targets for political effect? No. He cannot be confused with the Red Brigades, the Tamil Tigers, Osama bin Laden or other groups that now shape our image of terrorism. But he was a political partisan in a hotly partisan era, and he eagerly offered himself up as a polarizing symbol of the Confederate project for postwar Missouri.

Major General William S. Rosecrans’s defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga in Georgia in 1863 led to his reassignment to the Department of the Missouri in January 1864. He soon discovered his much smaller regular army was fighting in a sectarian war of partisan guerillas who were not above killing civilians or unarmed Union prisoners.
– Courtesy Library of Congress –

There remains, of course, the straightforward power of his story. His is a tale of ambushes, gun battles, and daring raids, of narrow escapes, betrayals and revenge. Even his oddly alliterative name seems to have been conjured up by a novelist of overripe adventures. But an accurate understanding of his world can only add to the drama. When we look at his life in its proper setting—if we see it as did that crowd that held its breath around his body on Thirteenth and Lafayette—we see that the life of Jesse James was as significant as it was thrilling.

Clay County Plowboy to Missouri Marauder

It was a savage set of men who returned with Frank that April [1864]. Already hardened by war, they had been blistered by butchery at Lawrence and debauchery in Texas. And Charles Fletcher Taylor, the man who led the small squad that crossed over to Clay County, was one of the hardest. Short, broad-shouldered, sporting a neatly trimmed mustache and beard, “Fletch” had fought with Quantrill from the beginning, scouting out Lawrence before the raid, murdering the innocent in its streets, then riding to Texas. But there he turned against his master, murdering a Confederate officer and resisting Quantrill’s attempt to arrest him. Now he fought (in the phrase of the times) “on his own hook.” Cantering beside him was an even smaller, even more vicious killer: “Little Archie” Clement, a gray-eyed 18-year-old from Johnson County. Barely five feet tall, he looked more like a jockey than a guerrilla. But he was already an experienced gunman, and he would soon win the lasting admiration of Frank’s little brother.

Major John Newman Edwards served as Jo Shelby’s adjutant during the Civil War. Upon his return to Missouri he became an influential newspaper editor and voice of the Confederate wing of the Democratic Party. An unapologetic champion of the Lost Cause and a close friend of Jesse James, he largely shaped the outlaw’s public image and political strategy, spearheading the former Confederate’s rise to political and cultural notoriety in the 1870s.

These were the men who brought 16-year-old Jesse James to manhood. A year after being dragged through the tobacco field by the Provisional militia, three years after Frank first enlisted in the State Guard, Jesse rode to war. Guided by Frank or another Clay County recruit in late May, he would have crept out at night and sneaked down hog trails to the rugged Fishing River, where Taylor and Clement lay hidden. “There seems to be something of the deathlike brooding over these camps,” wrote Sgt. Sherman Bodwell in his diary, after finding an abandoned bushwhacker bivouac. “Always hidden where hardly more than a horse track points the way, in heavy timber and creek bottoms, offal lying about, cooking utensils, cast-off clothing.”

General Joseph O. Shelby emerged from the Civil War as Missouri’s most famous Confederate officer. After the Confederate surrender, he went into exile in Mexico for almost two years. After his return to Missouri he extended personal and political support to the James brothers.

Jesse would have seen a cluster of men gathered around the fire under an awning of low leaves and branches, cooking a meal, drying out socks, cleaning and loading weapons. A strong smell of horses, sweat and waste (human and animal) would have struck him, followed by the dense smoke of burning green wood with undertones of oiled leather and wet flannel. They were all young—some astonishingly young, like Jesse himself. “If you ever want to pick a company to do desperate work,” Frank later mused, “select young men from 17 to 21 years old. …Take our company and there has never been a more reckless lot of men. Only one or two were over 25. Most of them were under 21. Scarcely a dozen boasted a moustache.” Or, as another grizzled veteran put it, almost exactly a century after Jesse crept into that camp, “You’re going to learn that one of the most brutal things in the world is your average 19-year-old American boy.”

William “Bloody Bill” Anderson was a guerilla chieftain whose campaign of terror along the Missouri River in 1864 is widely regarded as one of the most brutal in American history. Jesse James followed him for most of this period, and spoke proudly in later years of the affiliation.

The Making of a Marauder

Now the ritual began. First was the matter of equipment. Either Zerelda or Charlotte sewed a guerrilla shirt for Jesse—a loose pullover with two deep breast pockets for percussion caps, powder charges and .36 caliber lead balls. Then he needed pistols, a horse and a saddle. The revolver was the primary weapon, its rapid rate of fire well suited to guerrilla ambushes. Before the war, Colt’s revolvers had been somewhat uncommon, even in Missouri, and they were hard to get legitimately after the conflict began. But the bushwhackers equipped themselves through smuggling, theft and plundering of the Union dead so if Jesse didn’t have a set, one was given to him. As for horses, he would have been told to steal them.

This last lesson was the start of a much deeper, more lasting education. They were guerrillas. They were not engaged in a war that a colonel of the Army of the Potomac or a general of the Army of Northern Virginia could recognize. They had no lines, no objectives, no strategy, no command structure. Theirs was a purely tactical war, a war to inflict pain, to punish, to kill and destroy. Every barn and brook was a battlefield every civilian, either an ally or a target. By stepping into that brooding, deathlike camp, Jesse James entered a race to find and kill as many enemies as he could.

Wedded to Robert James at age 16, widowed at 25, Jesse’s mother, Zerelda, remarried at age 30 to Dr. Reuben Samuel. She was a dominating figure, a fierce secessionist with steel nerves, a lacerating tongue and a vigorous intellect.

On April 29, 1864, Maj. Gen.William S. Rosecrans telegraphed an alert to Col. James H. Moss in Liberty. The guerrillas were returning, he warned, “to re-inaugurate the scenes of murder and robbery which have desolated your country during the past three years.” Rosecrans, humiliated by defeat at the battle of Chickamauga, had been shifted in January to command the Department of the Missouri, a strategic eddy far from the main channels of the war. The state might have been a backwater, but Rosecrans learned that its currents were swift and unpredictable. Accustomed to wielding brigades, divisions and corps as he marched toward objectives, he now had to weave a net out of slender companies, battalions and regiments as he waded into guerrilla waters. And no units threatened to unravel more quickly than Colonel Moss’s troublesome Paw Paws. “I expect from you and the Enrolled Militia under your command,” he wrote, “such a reception…as will amply vindicate you from all the charges of disloyalty which have been urged against you.” Moss assured Rosecrans that all would be well.

Brig. Gen. Clinton B. Fisk was not so certain. After a military reorganization in January, this stern and voluble officer had assumed command of the District of North Missouri, after serving in the southeastern corner of the state. Fisk had received his rank, in part, through connections in the northern branch of the Methodist Church, an avowedly abolitionist denomination the savagery of the guerrilla war, however, had negated whatever Christian charity remained within him. Rather than rely on Moss, he shifted Capt. William B. Kemper and part of Company K 9th Cavalry Regiment, MSM to Liberty in early May 1864. “Clean out and kill every marauding, thieving villain you find,” he wrote to Kemper on May 15, adding, “Keep your eyes on the Paw Paws.”

The captain needed no instructions to that point: he intended to avoid Moss’s men at all costs as he pursued the bushwhackers. And the guerrillas were back—he could feel it. But every time he sent squads to scout the countryside, they came back emptyhanded. On May24, Kemper changed tactics. After nightfall, he ordered fifteen men to draw rations, mount their horses, and follow him into the country, where he deployed in ambush. After spending a day waiting for the enemy, he gathered his troopers out of hiding and moved on to another spot. Meanwhile, he sent out two spies each night he rendezvoused with them to better plan his trap for the following day.

Before Jesse James joined Frank James’ partisan gang in April 1864, Jesse’s older brother had earned his guerilla-war spurs riding with William Quantrill’s raiders on their infamous murderous raid and burning of Lawrence, Kansas, on August 21, 1863.

Across the Missouri River, the Second Colorado Cavalry employed the same tactics with devastating effect. Kemper, however, had fewer men and experienced opponents. Fletch Taylor and Archie Clement easily slipped past his ambushes to deliver a sharp reminder that there was no line between combatants and civilians. On June 1, they led their Clay County recruits (dressed in captured Union uniforms) to the farm of Bradley Bond. Gathering outside the front door, they asked to see the man of the house. When Bond stepped outside they shot him to death. The next day, they murdered Alvis Dagley in a field not far from the Samuel place, then trotted to his house and coldly told his widow.

Over the next few weeks, the gang killed at least eight Unionist civilians. “Men were slain before the eyes of their wives and children,” one resident wrote, “or else shot down without mercy by the roadside and their bodies left to fester and corrupt in the sun. Property was taken and destroyed on every hand, business of all kinds prostrated, values were unsettled, everything was disturbed.” They killed one slave “for fun,” and they looted as freely as the worst jayhawkers or militia.

The Keenest and Cleanest Fighter

Jesse James never attempted to distance himself from this slaughter in later years, one of his closest friends boasted of how Jesse and Frank went alone to the home of a local Unionist, just after the death of Dagley, and murdered him outside his house. This, then, was his introduction to warfare: not as a gladiator in battle against a tyrannous foe, but as a member of a death squad, picking off neighbors one by one.

Of all the departures in Jesse James’s dramatic life, none would ever be so momentous—or portentous—as this one. …He had violence coaches on every side, from Zerelda (who explicitly praised the worst rebel atrocities) to his brother Frank. After he took to the brush, Taylor and Clement took over as his mentors they mocked him for his boyish diffidence, nicknaming him “Dingus” after a euphemistic curse he once uttered. But once he joined in the killing, they gave him their respect. “Not to have any beard,” one of the deadliest guerrillas supposedly said of him, “he is the keenest and cleanest fighter in the command.” Jesse abandoned all civil norms, even the blunt- instrument morality of a slave-owning culture. He now belonged to a group that believed a man must murder for respect.

“Jesse James: Birth of a Killer” by T.J. Stiles is excerpted from his book Jesse James: Last Rebel of the Civil War (NY: Vintage Press, a division of Random House, Inc.).

Catatan Berkaitan

Jesse James had his own publicity agent—John Newman Edwards. A Confederate veteran, Edwards became a&hellip


Jesse James and the Road to Gallatin

In 1867, former Confederate guerrilla fighters (l.-r.) Fletch Taylor, Frank James and younger brother, Jesse, reunited in Nashville, where they took time to stand for their portrait at Carl C. Gier’s photo studio.
— True West Archives —

Poor Jesse James might not have been the victim of what amounted to state-sanctioned murder in 1882—or so many bad movies—if he hadn’t made that first career blunder in Gallatin, Missouri, in 1869. But how did the West’s most notorious bank, train and stagecoach robber get to Gallatin?

It starts at the family farm outside of present-day Kearney, Missouri, where Jesse Woodson James was born on September 5, 1847, and where visitors today can tour the museum, farmhouse and Jesse’s original grave at the Jesse James Birthplace Museum.

Jesse’s Kentucky-born dad, Robert James, became pastor at New Hope Baptist Church—now called New Direction Church—in Holt. Things might have turned out differently too, but in 1850, Robert James left Missouri for the California goldfields only to die of fever four months after arriving in present-day Placerville.

Then came the Civil War. Big brother Frank enlisted in the pro-Confederate Missouri State Guard, was captured during the Battle of Wilson’s Creek in April 1861 near Springfield (tour Wilson’s Creek National Battlefield), paroled, then broke parole and joined guerrilla William Clarke Quantrill’s Southern bushwhackers.

On May 23, 1863, pro-Union forces, looking for Quantrill, hoisted Jesse’s stepdad off the ground with a rope to make him talk. Legend says they also whipped 15-year-old Jesse with a rope. That eventually drove Jesse to join the bushwhackers, but the war was lost. When Jesse attempted to surrender in May 1865, he was shot through the lung.

Two men—perhaps, though far from confirmed, Cole Younger and Frank James—entered the Clay County Savings Bank, protected outside by another eight to 10 men “believed…to be a gang of old bushwhacking desperadoes who stay mostly in Jackson county,” according to the Liberty Tribune.
— Photo courtesy of Johnny D. Boggs —

On February 13, 1866, the Clay County Savings Bank in Liberty, Missouri, (visit the Jesse James Bank Museum), was robbed of roughly $60,000 in gold, currency and bonds. The gang of 10 to 12 men also killed a 19-year-old bystander. Years later, the crime was chalked up to the James-Younger Gang.

But could Jesse—still recuperating from a bullet through his lung—have taken part in a robbery during a bitterly cold February day? Some historians put Cole Younger and Frank there, but the fact is we just aren’t certain.

William A. Settle, Jr., author of Jesse James Was His Name (1966), the first serious historical study of the thug, writes: “Actually, identification of the bandits is not simple. Those insiders who knew the facts talked little, and what they said was not always reported exactly. Moreover, people who could remember the events and who talked about them did not always have firsthand information.”

The same can be said for the robbery of the Alexander Mitchell and Company Bank on October 30 in Lexington, Missouri (Lexington Historical Museum), that netted four robbers $2,011.50. “This is quite the coolest and most daring robbery that has happened in this part of the State since the Liberty Bank Robbery,” the Lexington Register dilapor.

In his 1903 autobiography, Cole Younger wrote that “so far as I know [the Lexington job] was never connected with the Younger brothers in any way until 1880, when J.W. Buel published his Border Bandits. " I haven’t found any mention of Lexington in Buel’s book. Still, most historians don’t link this one to the boys.

The Jesse James Birthplace Museum in Kearney features the most extensive collection of James family artifacts as well as Jesse’s original gravesite. Jesse’s mother had his body buried outside the family home so she could keep a watchful eye on her son, but it was later reinterred at Kearney’s Mount Olivet Cemetery.
— Courtesy Jesse James Birthplace Museum —

Two Missouri bank jobs the following year in Savannah (Andrew County Museum) and Richmond (Ray County Museum), later attributed to Frank and Jesse, probably weren’t committed by any Jameses or Youngers. The M.O. and outcome of the March 2 attempt to rob Judge John McClain’s private banking enterprise doesn’t point to the boys: Five or six bandits ask McClain for the key to the vault. When the judge refuses, he is shot, and the outlaws flee empty-handed.

Dalam The Outlaw Youngers, Marley Brant calls this perhaps “the first ‘copycat’ robbery attempt.” Three ex-bushwhackers were reportedly arrested, including Robert Pope, who was identified as the man who wounded the judge.

Regarding the Richmond job on May 23, Jesse might be thankful that he and the boys weren’t there. The gang, numbering from 11 to 20, took some $3,500 from the Hughes & Wasson Bank. When they rode out, three citizens were dead. By that time, T.J. Stiles wrote in Jesse James: Last Rebel of the Civil War, “authorities were ready to strike when old Quantrill and Anderson men appeared on the list of suspects.”

Eight men were originally charged with the crime. A horse thief named Felix Bradley, who wasn’t charged, was lynched. Dick Burns and Payne Jones, were charged, were captured and were lynched. So was Tom Little. And Andy McGuire. And even Jim Devers, who was later arrested because he might have been involved. Allen Parmer, who was charged, luckily had an alibi.

(Jesse might not have taken part in this robbery, but Richmond’s two cemeteries are home to two important men in Jesse’s life—his Civil War commander Bloody Bill Anderson and Jesse’s assassin Robert Ford.)

The earliest bank job that most likely can be credited to Cole Younger and the two James brothers happened in Russellville, Kentucky (take the downtown walking tour), when five to six men robbed the Nimrod & Co. Bank of around $12,000. The M.O. fit. Frank and Jesse had friends and family in Kentucky. One robber called himself “Thomas Coleman.” Two pals of Jesse and Frank, brothers Oll and George Shepherd, were suspected. George was arrested, identified and sentenced to three years in prison. Authorities shot and killed Oll Shepherd at his father’s house near Lee’s Summit, Missouri.

John Sheets was murdered inside the Daviess County Savings Association in Gallatin, Missouri, in 1869—a victim of mistaken identity. The killer, likely Jesse James, thought he was Samuel P. Cox, commander of the Union forces that had killed “Bloody Bill” Anderson. Sheets is buried in a cemetery across from the First Baptist Church.
— Photo courtesy Johnny D. Boggs —

But it wasn’t until the botched Daviess County Savings Association job that Frank and Jesse were first named as suspects. In Gallatin, Missouri (check out the 1889 Squirrel Cage Jail), two men walked into the bank on December 7, 1869.

Jesse mistook bank president John W. Sheets for Samuel P. Cox, commander of the Union forces that had killed “Bloody Bill.” Being Jesse, he promptly murdered Sheets and wounded another man. Outside, while trying to escape, Jesse was thrown off his horse. His foot caught in the stirrup, and the horse dragged him 30 or 40 feet before he freed himself. Frank rode back, Jesse swung up behind his brother, and the two escaped. But they left that horse behind.

The bay mare was named Kate. She was known to be Jesse’s horse, and although Jesse said he had sold the mare to a Topeka, Kansas, man, Gallatin residents offered a $1,500 reward for the arrest of the James brothers.

From then on, until Jesse’s death and Frank’s surrender, the James boys were wanted men.

Johnny D. Boggs’s latest book, The American West on Film (ABC-CLIO), includes a chapter on the 2007 movie The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford.

Catatan Berkaitan

Jesse James had his own publicity agent—John Newman Edwards. A Confederate veteran, Edwards became a&hellip

September 27, 1864. Seventeen-year-old Jesse James puts the first notch on his gun. He, his&hellip

Jesse James had just turned 17 when the opportunity for violence first arose—up close and&hellip


Tonton videonya: Jessie u0026 James being a couple for 4+ minutes (Disember 2022).

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